If you are an ultra-rich oil baron for whom petroleum is the basis of all your wealth and power , you are going to fight the solar power industry like you were a cornered wolverine. Just try to find a CEOs of telephone-directories, newspaper, encyclopedia, and magazine publishers who has anything nice to say about the advent of the internet. All of those publishers are rapidly going bankrupt. Such powerful people want the status quo ante , thank you very much. Not for deep-seated psychological reasons, it is just about the money. They will use every tool at their disposal. Everything from buying all the rights to the tech and supressing it, to forcing their bribed politicians to pass laws outlawing the disruptive technology. Remember all those urban legends about the guy who invented an automobile that would run on water, and how they mysteriously vanished never to be seen again? Most likely a legend, but doesn’t it seem all too possible that a corporation would be sending a stealth team of elite assasins to kill the researchers developing the technology and burn all the research notes?
TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY
Driving to Villarrica felt like coming home. A few years back, several TBF members spent a month here studying the behaviour of its lava lake. Back then we had to face a series of storms and found ourselves working under the snow and having to dig out our instruments from piles of ice every other morning.
A selector tool to be used by suppliers and buying organisations preparing a catalogue for upload into PECOS; Updated on 10th September for use with Excel
Sustainable oxygen and ozone help improve safety and decrease costly equipment damage. The wastewater odor is the driving force behind implementing controls for these systems. Corrosion, however, has the greatest potential for environmental, systemic and economic harm. This damage can be in the form of burst pipes and other equipment failures. Failures of this type require equipment repair and replacement, and they have the potential to expose the environment to releases of hazardous waste that may be difficult, if not impossible, to contain or recover.
Corrosion caused by H2S A major contributor to odor and corrosion in industrial systems is hydrogen sulfide H2S and its associated compounds. Some industrial wastewater contains sulfur compounds, which provide the molecular basis for the generation of H2S. H2S arises from the combination of anaerobic conditions and the presence of sulfites and sulfates with the slime layer — colonies of microorganisms present on the inner walls of all collection systems. Sulfate reducing bacteria SRB will use these compounds in the absence of free oxygen O2 for metabolism.
Following its generation, H2S can be released into the atmosphere and find its way to receptors through junctions of the atmosphere and collection system, at which point it is an odor concern. H2S is a colorless gas that has a characteristic rotten egg odor, is highly toxic and is corrosive to certain metals. It is heavier than air, meaning it can accumulate in wells, manholes and other similar locations with little ventilation.
Its effects on humans, at varying concentrations relative to ambient air, are shown in Table 1. Sulfuric acid is also a byproduct of anaerobic SRB — one of the primary causes of corrosion in collections systems.
Wastewater odor & corrosion control
This age is obtained from radiometric dating and is assumed by evolutionists to provide a sufficiently long time-frame for Darwinian evolution. And OE Christians theistic evolutionists see no problem with this dating whilst still accepting biblical creation, see Radiometric Dating – A Christian Perspective. This is the crucial point: Some claim Genesis in particular, and the Bible in general looks mythical from this standpoint.
A full discussion of the topic must therefore include the current scientific challenge to the OE concept.
Kalba, you’ve committed a logical fallacy in arguing against a different logical fallacy. The “No True Scotsman” argument is a way to convert a counterexample to your argument (that there are scientists who for some reason disagree with evolution) into something that reinforces your own universal claim.
In this context of changing and challenging market requirements, Gas Insulated Substation GIS has found a broad range of applications in power systems for more than two decades because of its high reliability, easy maintenance and small ground space requirement etc. SF6 has been of considerable technological interest as an insulation medium in GIS because of its superior insulating properties, high dielectric strength at relatively low pressure and its thermal and chemical stability.
SF6 is generally found to be very sensitive to field perturbations such as those caused by conductor surface imperfections and by conducting particle contaminants. The presence of contamination can therefore be a problem with gas insulated substations operating at high fields. If the effects of these particles could be eliminated, then this would improve the reliability of compressed gas insulated substation.
It would also offer the possibility of operating at higher fields to affect a potential reduction in the GIS size with subsequent savings in the cost of manufacture and installation. The purpose of this paper is to develop techniques, which will formulate the basic equations that will govern the movement of metallic particles like aluminum, copper in a coated as well as uncoated busduct.
In recent years, the areas of industrial application of AC drives, especially Induction machine based on DTC technique has gradually increased due to its advantages over the other techniques of control. However conventional DTC suffers from high torque ripple and variable switching frequency.
Robert Pattinson: Astrological Article and Chart
Back to the Top 2. A group, or family of elements, is a vertical column of the periodic table. Elements are placed into families due to their similar properties, characteristics, and reactivities. For example, all of the elements in group 1 except for hydrogen, which has unique properties are very reactive and form compounds in the same ratios and with similar properties as other 1 elements.
Due to the similarities in their chemical properties, Mendeleev put these elements into the same group and they came to be known as the alkali metals. The alkali metals include:
Fundamental particles Of Nuclear Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones and Isomers -Differences between chemical reactions and nuclear reactions: Fusion and fission – Radio active series, group displacement law – Mass defect – Applications of radio isotopes carbon dating, rock dating and medicinal applications.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Nonradiometric dating In addition to radioactive decay , many other processes have been investigated for their potential usefulness in absolute dating. Unfortunately, they all occur at rates that lack the universal consistency of radioactive decay. Sometimes human observation can be maintained long enough to measure present rates of change, but it is not at all certain on a priori grounds whether such rates are representative of the past.
This is where radioactive methods frequently supply information that may serve to calibrate nonradioactive processes so that they become useful chronometers. Nonradioactive absolute chronometers may conveniently be classified in terms of the broad areas in which changes occur—namely, geologic and biological processes, which will be treated here. Geologic processes as absolute chronometers Weathering processes During the first third of the 20th century, several presently obsolete weathering chronometers were explored.
Most famous was the attempt to estimate the duration of Pleistocene interglacial intervals through depths of soil development. In the American Midwest, thicknesses of gumbotil and carbonate-leached zones were measured in the glacial deposits tills laid down during each of the four glacial stages. Based on a direct proportion between thickness and time, the three interglacial intervals were determined to be longer than postglacial time by factors of 3, 6, and 8. To convert these relative factors into absolute ages required an estimate in years of the length of postglacial time.
When certain evidence suggested 25, years to be an appropriate figure, factors became years—namely, 75, , , , and , years. And, if glacial time and nonglacial time are assumed approximately equal, the Pleistocene Epoch lasted about 1, , years.
Ch 60, approved July 17, , as amended July 26, Criteria for any given effect are expressed in terms of pollutant concentrations, duration of exposure and method of measurement. Such standards shall be consistent with the air quality criteria. Code , including asbestos mill tailings, control device asbestos waste, friable asbestos waste material, and bags or containers that previously contained commercial asbestos.
Crystals and Gemstones. Crystals– In science, a crystal. is a solid substance in which the atoms, molecules, or ions are arranged in an orderly repeating pattern extending in all three spatial dimensions.. The word crystal is a loan from the ancient Greek word (krustallos), which had the same meaning, but according to the ancient understanding of crystal.
Shorter Working Hours This boils down to “as the amount of available work shrinks, it will have to be rationed so everybody can have a job. If the amount of available work is now zero, so will be the size of your work-ration. Broadening the ownership of technological assets If the only way to make money is by either owning robots or owning stock, then the government will have to give everybody free robots and stock so they can live.
Again, who is going to pay for this? And there are those who say that the rich should foot the bill for a solution, telling them that this is the fee for “guillotine insurance. The elites will share their wealth only insofar as it’s cheaper to do that bread and circuses than it is to keep the proles at bay through force.
A History: ’s Word of the Year
Las Posadas Geochemical distribution of the elements Knowledge of the geochemical distribution of elements involves elucidation of the relative and absolute abundances of the chemical elements in the Earth and in its various parts—the crust, interior, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. This comprises a major part of the science of geochemistry , which is the study of the distribution of the chemical elements in space and time and the laws governing this distribution.
Basic knowledge in this area was largely accumulated during the 19th century.
Geochronology – Nonradiometric dating: In addition to radioactive decay, many other processes have been investigated for their potential usefulness in absolute dating. Unfortunately, they all occur at rates that lack the universal consistency of radioactive decay. Sometimes human observation can be maintained long enough to measure present rates of change, but it is not at all certain on a.
She has been visiting scientist in the groups of Prof. Aggarwal Sheffield, and Dr. Since she has been Associate Professor at University of Salerno. In she obtained the national italian habilitation for Full Professor in organic chemistry. Her research interests focus on the areas of chirality, stereoselective organocatalysed and metal-catalysed synthesis of heterocyclic compounds and oxidation reactions.
Nagel in , working on the synthesis of chiral PN ligands and use in Ni-catalysed asymmetric cross couplings. After a postdoctoral stay with Prof. Marko in Belgium, working on iron II -bisimine pyridine catalysts for ethylene and propylene polymerisation, he joined ICI Synetix in , later to become part of Johnson Matthey.
His core interest is in catalytic research and in the synthetic development and scale-up of ligands and metal complexes with catalytic activity. He leads a team in Cambridge UK dedicated to bringing to market new homogenous catalysts for hydrogenation and transfer hydrogenation.
Fluorine absorption dating
Chemically pure silica has been prepared in at least 35 crystalline forms with density varying by more than a factor of 2 17 to 43 SiO2 units per cubic Angstroms. Chemical properties such as hygroscopicity tendency to react with ambient water vary tremendously depending on the structure. Devine, Plenum NY ] I’ve seen a lot of work using the refractive index at optical frequencies to characterize silica. I’m not sure why, unless the joke about looking under the lamp post the light is better applies: Dielectric constant at DC-to-microwave frequencies, and infrared absorption are much better ways to characterize SiO2.
Chemistry Interaction with hydrogen and water are important in semiconductor applications of silicon dioxide.
General Provisions The words and phrases defined and the administrative principles presented in this regulation shall apply to all regulations, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
Radioactive decay[ edit ] Example of a radioactive decay chain from lead Pb to lead Pb. The final decay product, lead Pb , is stable and can no longer undergo spontaneous radioactive decay. All ordinary matter is made up of combinations of chemical elements , each with its own atomic number , indicating the number of protons in the atomic nucleus. Additionally, elements may exist in different isotopes , with each isotope of an element differing in the number of neutrons in the nucleus.
A particular isotope of a particular element is called a nuclide. Some nuclides are inherently unstable. That is, at some point in time, an atom of such a nuclide will undergo radioactive decay and spontaneously transform into a different nuclide. This transformation may be accomplished in a number of different ways, including alpha decay emission of alpha particles and beta decay electron emission, positron emission, or electron capture.
Another possibility is spontaneous fission into two or more nuclides. While the moment in time at which a particular nucleus decays is unpredictable, a collection of atoms of a radioactive nuclide decays exponentially at a rate described by a parameter known as the half-life , usually given in units of years when discussing dating techniques. After one half-life has elapsed, one half of the atoms of the nuclide in question will have decayed into a “daughter” nuclide or decay product.
In many cases, the daughter nuclide itself is radioactive, resulting in a decay chain , eventually ending with the formation of a stable nonradioactive daughter nuclide; each step in such a chain is characterized by a distinct half-life.
The Age of the Earth
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Geochemical distribution of the elements Knowledge of the geochemical distribution of elements involves elucidation of the relative and absolute abundances of the chemical elements in the Earth and in its various parts—the crust, interior, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. This comprises a major part of the science of geochemistry , which is the study of the distribution of the chemical elements in space and time and the laws governing this distribution.
Basic knowledge in this area was largely accumulated during the 19th century. As noted above, the concept of a limited number of chemical elements had been established by , and the appearance of the periodic table , in , provided a new insight into the limitations on the number of elements.
DEATH BY VACCINATION. PART OF THE WATCHDOG USA NETWORK. If vaccines were safe, there would not be a VAERS COURT to pay out Billions of Tax Dollars to families of dead and crippled children.
For more examples, see my article: Yet it’s a vacuum there. The thing is that of course it was a sunny day for the astronauts – you tend to forget when you see the black sky. On Earth some of the light comes to the landscape from the sun and some reaches us indirectly from the blue sky and the clouds. On the Moon, much of the light comes from the sun, but a lot of light also comes indirectly from the landscape itself.
That’s why you can see detail in the shadows, and why they aren’t completely black on the Moon. So – it’s not quite so surprising as you’d think, but fun. You can make the photos look even more like Earth by reducing the contrast – shadows are not quite so contrasty on Earth. I tried that and it worked. You could also fuzz the edges of the shadows as they are never so sharp edged on Earth, and you’d need to do something about the black sky reflected in astronaut’s helmets.
However I’m not trying to simulate an Earth illumination on the Moon.
Stupid Beliefs of the Internet
Life And Time One of the first ways in which we learn to classify objects is into two groups: In casual encounters with the material universe, we rarely feel any difficulty here, since we usually deal with things that are clearly alive, such as a dog or a rattlesnake; or with things that are clearly nonalive, such as a brick or a typewriter. Nevertheless, the task of defining “life” is both difficult and subtle; something that at once becomes evident if we stop to think.
Consider a caterpillar crawling over a rock. The caterpillar is alive, but the rock is not; as you guess at once, since the caterpillar is moving and the rock is not.
Perhaps lunar miners could use something analogous to Bruce Damer’s idea for asteroids of using CO in an enclosure warmed by the sunlight and iron and nickel extracted in attached 3D printer – .
Potential of abundant, environmentally harmless energy technology , which already exists My strategy for manifesting that energy event for humanity’s and the planet’s benefit. I w as born in In that same year, I had my cultural and mystical awakenings. During my second year of college, I had my first existential crisis and a paranormal event changed my studies from science to business. I s till held my energy dreams, however, and in , eight years after that first paranormal event, I had a second one that suddenly caused me to move up the coast from Los Angeles to Seattle, where I landed in the middle of what is arguably the greatest attempt yet made to bring alternative energy to the American marketplace.
That effort was killed by the local electric industry , which saw our technology as a threat to its revenues and profits, and my wild ride began. The owner of the Seattle business left the state to rebuild his effort. I followed him to Boston and soon became his partner. M y partner’s experiences in Seattle radicalized him.